As reported in the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) Weekly Newsletter of 2/17/2010, USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS)-funded scientists have reported new reasons for choosing “heart-healthy” oats at the grocery store. Nutritionist Mohsen Meydani, Director of the Vascular Biology Laboratory at the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University in Boston, Mass., led the research on the oat compounds, called avenanthramides. Meydani has previously shown that phenolic antioxidants in oats obstruct the ability of blood cells to stick to artery walls.
Metabolic Syndrome is characterized by a combination of obesity, hypertension, and high blood cholesterol, and linked by the underlying resistance to insulin. Some experts refer to it as a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors disease associated with insulin resistance. It is estimated that metabolic syndrome affects about 50 million Americans. Possible outcomes of metabolic syndrome include the development of type-2 diabetes and increased risk of stroke and other heart diseases.
Number of people with diabetes in United States increased to 24 million according to 2007 data by U.S. Center of Disease Control and Prevention. About 57 million people have pre-diabetes. Diabetes is characterized by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin production (i.e., "insulin resistance" syndrome) that causes sugar to build up in the body. "Insulin resistance" leaves excess sugar in the bloodstream, which damages small blood vessels in the eyes, kidneys, and other organs.
A century or so ago, the biggest health threats for Americans were infection, malnutrition, and poor sanitation. But today, more lives are in jeopardy from chronic conditions largely attributable to diet-chief among them, heart disease. In fact, heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women in the United States.Research shows that more than 80% of heart disease can be prevented by maintaining a healthy weight, exercising daily, not smoking, drinking alcohol in moderation, and eating a healthy diet.