Number of people with diabetes in United States increased to 24 million according to 2007 data by U.S. Center of Disease Control and Prevention. About 57 million people have pre-diabetes. Diabetes is characterized by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin production (i.e., "insulin resistance" syndrome) that causes sugar to build up in the body. "Insulin resistance" leaves excess sugar in the bloodstream, which damages small blood vessels in the eyes, kidneys, and other organs. In addition to hindering the body's ability to convert foods to energy, diabetes is a risk factor for development of related illness and disease, including heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, nerve damage, and amputation.
Metabolic syndrome is a common precondition for both coronary disease and type 2 diabetes. The American Heart Foundation estimates over 50 million people in the U.S. have the syndrome, which is characterized by a group of metabolic risk factors including: abdominal obesity, atherogenic dyslipidemia, high blood pressure and insulin resistance.
Diabetics and those at risk for diabetes can take control of the disease through lifestyles changes such as diet and exercise. People suffering from the condition generally need to stick to a diet high in fiber and low in sugar and fat, particularly saturated fat. Several natural products, including dietary supplements, are available to help control the disease. Chromium is one of the best studied minerals for diabetic support and shown to control blood glucose levels. Supplemental chromium comes in three forms - chromium picolinate, chromium chloride, and chromium nicotinate.
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